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Definition of suspicion, well-founded suspicion and proved fraud etc.

Suspicion of fraud or corruption etc. may be based on, for example:

  • (a) lack of correct and timely financial accounts and reports;
  • (b) complaints from beneficiaries claiming that they have not received promised and reported services;
  • (c) purchases of supplies at a much higher price than normally reported;
  • (d) observations such as staff spending beyond their presumed financial capabilities, e.g. buying cars or building houses; and
  • (e) missing or weak reconciliation of cash, bank statements and accounts.

Well-founded suspicion may be based on suggestive and circumstantial evidence of fraud, for example:

  • (a) lack of proper documentation on refunded expenditures;
  • (b) missing signatures or incomplete lists of persons that have been paid an allowance to attend training seminars; and
  • (c) strong indication that signatures and documents have been falsified.

Proven fraud is based on clear documentation of the type of fraud in question and/or confession of the offender, ready to be presented to police investigators and courts of law.